Ice Safety Tips

contribute's picture

With the colder weather approaching, Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) officials are urging outdoor enthusiasts to use caution on the ice. Walking, ice fishing or other activities on one of DCR's frozen ponds is a great way to get out and enjoy the fresh air during winter. For those participating in recreational activities on the ice, DCR officials urge common sense and ask that you follow these recommended safety tips from the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency (MEMA):

  • Never go onto the ice alone.
  • Always keep your pets on a leash. If a pet falls through the ice, do not attempt a rescue—go for help
  • .

  • Beware of ice covered with snow. Snow can insulate ice and keep it strong, but it also can insulate the ice and keep it from freezing. Snow also can hide cracks as well as weak and open ice.
  • Ice formed over flowing water (including springs under the surface) is generally weaker than ice over still water.
  • Ice seldom freezes or thaws at a uniform rate. It can be a foot thick in one spot or an inch thick in another.
  • If a companion falls through the ice and you are unable to reach that person from shore, throw something to them (a rope, tree branch, even jumper cables from the car, etc.). If this doesn't work, go or phone for help before you also become a victim. Get medical assistance for the victim immediately.
  • If you fall in, try not to panic. Turn toward the direction you came from. Place your hands and arms on the unbroken surface, working forward by kicking your feet. Once the ice is solid enough to hold you, and you can pull yourself out, remain lying on the ice (do not stand; lying down spreads your weight across a wider area, lessening the weight on any one spot) and roll away from the hole. Crawl back the way you came, keeping your weight distributed, until you return to solid ice or ground.
  • As the season progresses, plan accordingly and use caution, as the condition of older ice greatly varies and is subject to rapidly changing conditions.
  • For further tips, including information on hypothermia and cold water dangers, please visit the featured section, “Stay safe, keep warm in extreme weather” at, which also offers additional ice safety tips.

    Several DCR properties offer guided outdoor skating programs in season, please visit the website for details. For contact information for these parks, as well as information about additional winter recreation opportunities in Massachusetts state parks, visit DCR’s website: